Available in Russian
Author: Timofei Vinogradov
Keywords: Constitutional Court of Russia; European Court of Human Rights; legislative drafting; requirements to the bill; verification of the bill for compliance with requirements
Obviously that it is necessary to provide high-quality bill to the State Duma, that will be able to pass successfully legislative process at all stages of the, and effectively regulate social relations in practice. One of the most important ways to improve the quality of bills is to comply with certain require ments in their drafting. In the legal literature and judicial practice, we can find valuable legal contractions, which are designed to significantly improve the quality of adopted laws. The main problem in this field is the application of existing legal materials: requirements, as a rule, are located in different sources, so that situation makes them difficult to apply. In our view, only a systematic approach to the problem will allow to develop a high-quality bill that wouldn't require numerous amendments in the future. For more effective application, requirements to the bills can be divided into technical (including, particularly, definiteness of legislative regulation, consistency, compliance with the stylistic requirements, the laws of formal logic, grammar rules and appearance requirements) and substantive (feasibility, efficiency, optimality, reality, validity and compliance with the acts of higher legal force). The article defines characteristics of each of the whole spectre of requirements, as well as their possible limits. In addition, the article suggests the patterns of the compliance of the bills with established requirements.
About the author: Timofey Vinogradov – graduate student of the Constitutional and Municipal Law Department of the Faculty of Law at Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Citation: Vinogradov T. (2016) Razrabotka kachestvennogo zakona: trebovaniya k proektu [The Making of Quality Laws: Requirements to the Law Drafts]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no. 1, pp. 138–150. (In Russian).
Chukhvichev D. V. (2012) Zakonodatel'naya tekhnika [Legislative Techniques], Moscow: YuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo. (In Russian).
Galyashina E. I., Podkatilina M. L. (2012) K voprosu o kvalifikatsii simvoliki i atributiki kak propagandy idey natsizma [On the Question of the Qualifications of Symbols and Paraphernalia As the Propaganda of Nazism]. In: Tseplyaeva G. I. (ed.) Aktual'nye problemy pravovogo protivodeystviya ekstremizmu: doktrina i praktika [Actual problems of legal counteraction to extremism: doctrine and practice], Petrozavodsk: Petrozavodsk State University Publ. (In Russian).
Isakov V. B. (2002) Podgotovka zakonov: Rekomendatsii po razrabotke, oformleniyu i vneseniyu zakonoproektov [Preparation of Laws: Recommendations for the Drafting, Design and Introduction of Bills], Moscow: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation Publ. (In Russian).
Kashanina T. V. (2011) Yuridicheskaya tekhnika [Legal Techniques], Moscow: Norma: INFRA-M. (In Russian).
Kerimov D. A. (1998) Zakonodatel'naya tekhnika [Legislative Techniques], Moscow: Norma: INFRA-M. (In Russian).
Kirichkova L. I., Prokhorov P. V. (2007) Obzor yuridiko-tekhnicheskogo oformleniya federal'nykh zakonov [The Review of Legal and Technical Aspects in Making Federal Laws]. Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, no. 1, pp. 251–255. (In Russian).
Krasnov Yu. K., Nadvikova V. V., Shkatulla V. I. (2014) Yuridicheskaya tekhnika [Legal Techniques], Moscow: Yustitsinform. (In Russian).
Mart'yanov V. S., Fishman L. G. (2008) Byt' svobodnym ili «borot'sya s ekstremizmom »? [To be Free or to «Fight against Extremism»?]. Novyy mir, no. 11, pp. 132–152. Available at: http://lit.lib.ru/m/martxjanow_w_s/text_0160.shtml (accessed 02.01.2016). (In Russian).
Montesk'e Sh. L. (1955) Izbrannye proizvedeniya [Selected Works], Moscow: Gospolitizdat. (In Russian).
Moskal'kova T. N., Chernikov V. V. (2015) Normotvorchestvo [The Rulemaking], Moscow: Prospekt. (In Russian).
Rynearson A. J. (2013) Legislative Drafting Step-by-step, Durham: Carolina Academic Press.
Sergeev A. V. (2011) K voprosu o zakonodatel'stve, posvyashchennomu protivodeystviyu religioznomu ekstremizmu v Rossii [To the Problem of Legislation, Devoted to Opposition to the Religious Extremism in Russia]. Vlast' i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii, no. 3, pp. 221–227. (In Russian).
Vasil'eva T. A. (2016) Kak napisat' zakon [How to Write a Law], 2nd ed., Moscow: Yurayt. (In Russian).
Vlasenko N. A. (1995) Osnovy zakonodatel'noy tekhniki [Fundamentals of the Legislative Technique], Irkutsk: East Siberian book publishing house AO «Norma Plyus». (In Russian).
Zabarchuk E. L. (2008) Religioznyy ekstremizm kak odna iz ugroz bezopasnosti rossiyskoy gosudarstvennosti [Religious Extremism as One of the Threats to the Security of the Russian State]. Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, no. 6, pp. 3–10. (In Russian).
Tikhomirov Yu. A. (ed.) (2000) Zakonodatel'naya tekhnika: nauch.-praktich. posobie [The Legislative Technique: scientific-practical manual], Moscow: Gorodets. (In Russian).
Pigolkin A. S. (ed.) (2000) Zakonotvorchestvo v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The Lawmaking in the Russian Federation], Moscow: Formula prava. (In Russian).
Zhelonkina E. A. (2012) Otsenka rossiyskimi yuristami tekhniki i kachestva zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii v XIX veke [Evaluation of Russian Lawyers Technology and Quality of the Laws of the Russian Empire in the XIX century]. Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, no. 6, pp. 177–180. (in Russian).
Zor'kin V. D. (2014) Konstitutsiya zhivet v zakonakh. Rezervy povysheniya kachestva rossiyskogo zakonodatel'stva [The Constitution Lives in the Laws. Reserves to Improve the Quality of Russian Legislation]. Rossiyskaya gazeta, 18 December. Available at: http://www.rg.ru/2014/12/18/zorkin.html (accessed 30.10.2015). (in Russian).