Available in Russian
Author: Tamara Morshchakova
Keywords: independence of judges; оптимизация судебной нагрузки; оценка качества судебной деятельности; роль председателей судов; судебное управление; судебные кадры
The article addresses the management problems in the judiciary and the organizational issues of internal administration of courts and Russian justice system as a whole, as well as external factors influencing organization and work of the courts. The paper analyzes the procedure of forming the institutions and personnel of the judiciary, the recruitment of judges including the occupational requirements for judicial position. In this context, the author also researches professional selection and guarantees of independence and impartiality of judges, considers the procedure of appointing the court chairperson, powers and administrative functions of the head of the bench. The article also contains information on different models of evaluating the quality and efficiency of the courts’ and judges’ work. The author discusses methods to optimize caseload of courts, procedural practices that help to reduce the excessive quantity of cases brought before the courts, as well as ways to eliminate restrictions against judicial protection. The paper also surveys the Russian experience in monitoring functioning of the judiciary at all its levels and, too, shows implementation of recommendations of international judicial bodies in Russia and the degree of Russian courts’ conformity with standards and national practices of other countries. The article raises the question of extra-procedural ways and procedural tools in reducing judicial reviews and appeals for judicial protection. The author considers as unacceptable any attempts – allegedly in order to ensure legal certainty – to reduce fair trial standards, to impede human rights protection functions of the judicial system and to refrain from correcting courts’ mistakes.
About the author: Tamara Morshchakova – Doctor of Sciences in Law, Tenured Professor, Department of the Judiciary Studies at the National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Judge of the Russian Constitutional Court (1991–2002), Moscow, Russia.
Citation: Morshchakova T. Sudebnoe upravlenie v mezhdunarodnykh normakh “myagkogo prava” i rossiyskikh praktik [Judicial management in international systems of the “soft law” and in the Russian judicial practices]. Sravnitel‘noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no.1, pp.81–94. (In Russian).
Lukyanova I.I. (2017) Vliyanie pozitsiy Evropeyskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka na razvitie grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva [The Influence of European Court of Human Rights attitudes on development of civil jurisprudence]. In: Sluzhenie pravu: Pamyati professora V.A.Tumanova [Devotion to the Law: In memoriam of Professor V.A.Tumanov], Moscow: Prospekt, pp.378–385. (In Russian).
Morshchakova T.G., Petrukhin I.L. (1987) Otsenka kachestva sudebnogo razbiratel'stva po ugolovnym delam [Evaluation of the quality of the judicial procedure in criminal cases], Moscow; Nauka. (In Russian).
Morshchakova T.G. (2010) Sudebnoye pravoprimenenie v Rossii: o dolzhnom i real'nom [Judicial law enforcement], Moscow: R.Valent. (In Russian).
Morshchakova T.G. (2010) Verkhovenstvo prava i konstitutsionnye osnovy edinoobraziya pravoprimeneniya [The rule of law and constitutional grounds of the law enforcement uniformity]. In: Novikova V. et al. (eds.) Verkhovenstvo prava i problemy ego obespecheniya v pravoprimenitel'noy praktike [The rule of law and questions of its effect on the law implementation], Moscow: Statut, pp.296–339. (In Russian).
Morshchakova T.G. (ed.) (2015) Peresmotr sudebnykh aktov v grazhdanskom, arbitrazhnom i ugolovnom protsesse [The judicial review of court decisions in civil, arbitration and criminal processes], Moscow: Yurayt. (In Russian).
Neshataeva T.N. (ed.) (2015) Modernizatsiya statusa sudyi: sovremennye mezhdunarodnye podkhody [Modernisation of the judge status: contemporary comparative cross-national approaches], Moscow: Norma – Infra-M. (In Russian).
Novikova E.V. et al. (eds.) (2013) Verkhovenstvo prava kak faktor ekonomiki [The rule of law as an economic factor], Moscow: Mysl'. (In Russian).
Prokudina L.A. (2007) Optimizatsiya v organizatsii arbitrazhnogo sudoproizvodstva v Rossii [The optimization in judicial arrangements of arbitration jurisprudence], Moscow: Yurisprudentsiya. (In Russian).
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Volkov V., Dmitriev A. (2015) Istochniki rekrutirovaniya, gender i professional'nye subkultury v rossiyskoy sudebnoy sisteme [Sources for recruitment, gender and professional subcultures in the Russian judicial system]. Sotsiologiya vlasti, vol.27, no.2, pp.94–134. (In Russian).
Voskobitova L.A. (2014) Obvinenie ili obvinitel'nyy uklon [Accusation statement or accusatory bias]. Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava, no.3, pp.455–462. (In Russian).