Authoritarian regimes of the past and the Russian political regime: similarities and differences

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Author: Iliya Shablinsky*

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2018-1-127-141

Keywords: actual state ideology; authoritarian regime; dominant political party; law system; party system


This article contains a comparative analysis of the political regime in Russia in the context of the authoritarian tradition – namely, the formation and the genesis of some political regimes in the 20th century. The subjects of the comparison are some instruments of political regimes in Latin America, the South-Eastern Asia, and in Russia. For instance, the dominant political party (like United Russia in the Russian Federation, Golkar in Indonesia, the Party of the National Renovation in Brazil, and some others), the party system, the legal system, especially the different models of influence of the executive power to the courts and the role of the state mass-media. The author takes into account the experience of the political regimes of some member states of the CIS – Azerbaijan, Belorussia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The author considers the presidential model of power in the constitutions as one of the factors of the authoritarian tendency. The special subject of the investigation includes some unique features of the political regime in Russia, connected with its strategy in foreign affairs. To be more precise, the author compares some actions of the Putin regime after the Crimea conflict with some actions of the Sukharto regime in Indonesia after the Eastern Timor conflict (and some other conflicts connected with authoritarian rules). The article considers some aspects of the formulation of the ideological base of the regime. This process comes in spite of the Constitution. The author considers such a conclusion: the new ideology of the Putin regime is the result and the expression of its new foreign policy.

About the author: Ilya Shablinskiy* – Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Shablinskiy I.* (2017) Avtoritarnye rezhimy proshlogo i politicheskiy rezhim v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: skhodstva i razlichiya [Authoritarian regimes of the past and the Russian political regime: similarities and differences]. Sravnitel’noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, no.1, pp.127–141.


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* Recognised as a foreign agent in Russia