Global constitutionalism as a legal theory and ideology of the reorganization of the world order

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Author: Andrey Medushevsky

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2020-1-15-42

Keywords: global constitutionalism; global governance; globalisation; ideology, strategy and politics of the legal transformation; international conflicts; legal reforms and projects; new world order; philosophy and theories of law; public ethics; supra-national law; transnational law


Global (or World) constitutionalism is an established philosophical theory (formed in European thought on the base of Immanuel Kant’s intellectual heritage); the area of legal and political debates about possibility of a new, more faithful, global social and legal order; and the framework for the articulation of the new network of the current political movements, generally oriented on globalized, or more unified vision of the constitutional values, norms and human rights as based on common international construction of the legal order and the global governance. Though many important ideas of global constitutionalism were formulated by international lawyers at the first half of the XX century (in debates occurred after the end of First and Second World wars about the role of the League of the Nations and United Nations Organization), the real practical importance of this theory became much more clear only after the end of the Cold war – the collapse of the USSR and the creation of the European Union in 1991, interpreted by many experts as a principal achievement of this theory, a muster for its practical implementation and a pre-eminent road-map for the future global transformation of international law, constitutionalism and governance. In the context of this progressive debate, concentrated mainly on international law, European law and transnational jurisprudence, the special issue of global constitutionalism (as a problematic and still disputable amalgam of supra-national and national legal rules, norms and regulations) became the subject of conflict, controversial and partisan debates in the theory of law. The author analyses the whole balk of the most important theories of the global constitutionalism – cosmopolitan, normative, societal, institutional, functional, comparative, constructivist, meta-legal and critical, showing the positive and negative aspects of each and reconstructing the shifting balance of priorities and arguments. The bulk of the existing theories and projects of global constitutionalism (more or less formalized, coordinated and openly circulated in public space during last 25 years) provide a perfect ground for the complex, reliable and empirical research of the global constitutionalism as a new international legal philosophy, ideology, and political movement. By using the cognitive method and the constructivist approach, this research initiative puts under consideration the scope, the dynamic and practical influence of global constitutionalist movement as a new ideology, public ethics, strategy and politics of the current legal transformation.

About the author: Andrey Medushevsky – Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Tenured Professor, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Medushevsky A. (2020) Global'nyy konstitutsionalism kak pravovaya teoriya i ideologiya pereustroystva mirovogo poryadka [Global constitutionalism as a legal theory and ideology of the reorganization of the world order]. Sravnitel'noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol.29, no.1, pp.15–42. (In Russian).


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