Available in Russian
Author: Stanislav Sheverdyaev
Keywords: constitutional legal science; constitutional methodology of anti-corruption studies; electoral corruption and lobbying; systemic and political corruption
In contrast to other legal disciplines, the science of constitutional law has for a long time paid little attention to the anti-corruption policies. Traditionally it has been mostly a domain of the criminal and administrative law. However, in recent decades, political and other social sciences, as well as the above mentioned legal sciences, have accumulated sufficient volume of consolidated knowledge that has become suitable for development for a special research field within the modern constitutional law. Particularly, because the corruption, as a phenomenon, especially in such advanced forms as systemic corruption or political corruption, could threaten constitutionalist and democratic principles and goals. Therefore, the lack of interest in the past for counteraction of corruption from constitutional research appears now unacceptable any more. The article discusses the main types of the constitutional anti-corruption research. Among the preferable ways there are: (a) “theoretical” approach, which allows to assess corruption risks for the most fundamental constitutional values (democracy, separation of powers, political pluralism, etc.) and to make a system of effective protection tools against these challenges; (b) “thematically oriented” approach, which allows to focus on electoral corruption and lobbying and to protect constitutional developments again these dangers; (c) “implementation” approach, associated with adaptation of anti-corruption conventions in current constitutional legislation and their implementation. The author highlights a number of constitutional studies of anti-corruption issues concentrated on the legal status of the public officials in the constitutional context; on PEPs’ accountability; on the development of the anti-corruption rights such as the right to access to governmental information; on the safeguards and accountability instruments within the civil society; on the improved procedure of budgetary process and its performance, on restraints on the state involvement into economic activities. The author also suggests to bring this sensitive sphere into the broad scientific and expert discourse to give this issue appropriate practical and political meaning at the societal level.
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