Available in Russian
Author: Fedor Dolgikh
Keywords: elections and parties; multi-party system; registration of parties; the establishment of a party; the party system; the Republic of Kazakhstan; the Russian Federation
The purpose of this survey is the comparative analysis of problems in establishing political parties in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan. As criteria for comparing party systems in Russia and Kazakhstan, the author of this article used their actual functioning, statutory concepts of political party in both countries, legally formulated requirements to political parties, due procedure of establishment and state registration of parties, existing restrictions on their establishment and activities, and the impact of the legal status of political parties on the development of the party systems as it is seen through the prism of electoral laws. The article is based on the analysis of legal and other normative acts in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan, which regulate the establishment and activities of political parties. On the basis of the comparative research of the legislation and other ways of regulation of political parties in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan the author comes to the conclusion that the regulation framework of party-making (including rules of the state registration) and the party activities (including electoral activities and participation) are in both countries very similar. Nevertheless, legal regulation of establishment and activities of political parties in the Republic of Kazakhstan, are significantly more rigid than in Russia. One of the main conclusions of this essay is that, despite some insignificant differences in legal and organizational environment, the party systems in both states have developed to the same kind of the multiparty system with one dominant party.
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