Legal and public interests in administrative proceedings in Russia: problems of interpretation

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Author: Margarita Pavlova

DOI: 10.21128/1812-7126-2022-5-63-77

Keywords: administrative proceedings; legal interests; unfavorable consequences; public interests; judicial protection of legal interests


Adoption of the Code of Administrative judicial procedure of the Russian Federation (CAJP of RF) led to a new discussion of judicial protection in administrative cases. Despite the fact that the lawmakers directly noted the existence of a public dispute about the law, the concept of legitimate interests, their diversity, and their remedies are still unsettled issues at the regulatory level. The broad legal norms of this administrative legislation fundamentally influenced judicial practice. As a result judges tend to make abstract, imprecise formulations of the substance of legal and public interests. The author expresses her view of the legal nature of the statutory legal interests and offers an approach to determining their presence or absence based on an assessment of the materiality of the adverse consequences occurring in each case. Public interests are a more controversial and ambiguous matter. In accordance with the CAJP of RF they are considered to be objects of judicial protection, preconditions for terminating proceedings in an administrative case if the administrative plaintiff’s claim is repudiated, and also the basis for cancelling or amending court decisions in cassation and supervisory proceedings. The author considers public interests as one of the types of interests recognized in administrative law and offers a conclusion about the advisability of reviewing the role of the term “public interests” in the CAJP of RF. In order to concretize them, the author suggests personifying these interests so as to connect them to those having these interests.

About the author: Margarita Pavlova – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Judicial Systems and Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Pavlova M. (2022) Zakonnye i publichnye interesy v administrativnom sudoproizvodstve v Rossii: problemy tolkovaniya [Legal and public interests in administrative proceedings in Russia: problems of interpretation]. Sravnitel’noe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 63–77. (In Russian).


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